Seminars were delivered on the theme of sustainable transport during Hilary Term (January - March) 2009 at the School of Geography and the Environment, Oxford.
For more information on this seminar series, please contact Sally Pepperall
Week 1: 5pm, 20 January 2009, SoGE
Approaches toward Sustainable Maritime Transportation
Professor Cherng Yuan Lin, University of Oxford.
Week 2: 5pm, 27 January 2009, SoGE
TGV-UK: An idea whose time has come?
Professor Sir Peter Hall, University College London.
Week 3: 5pm, 3 February 2009, SoGE
Carbon Efficiency in the Transport Sector: Backcasting from London
Dr Robin Hickman, Halcrow.
Week 4: 5pm, 10 February 2009, SoGE
Some Thoughts on Car Parking
Peter Guest, British Parking Association.
Peter Guest is a transport planner who has been involved in the parking industry for over 35 years. His career started with the Greater London Council in 1972 where he was involved in a large range of projects including the early research into what has now become congestion charging. Following the abolition of the GLC in 1986 and a short stay in a local authority research group he moved to consultancy where he worked on a large range of projects both in the UK, Europe, the Middle East and SE Asia.
In 1997 he became a partner in a specialist car park design consultancy and continued to work on a large range of projects including work for the World Bank in India and Croatia. Since the end of 2003 Peter has worked as an independent consultant and is currently helping to develop parking systems for the cities of Tirana in Albania and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates.
Peter was President of the British Parking Association 2006/7 and is an Honorary Member of the Croatian Parking Association. He was the chairman of the British standards committee dealing with parking equipment, leader of the British delegation to the equivalent EU committee and a member of an EPA Task Group. He contributes a regular column to the US magazine Parking Today and has co-authored books on traffic engineering and parking.
Week 5: 5pm, 17 February 2009, SoGE
'Link' and 'Place': A new approach to UK street planning and design
Professor Peter Jones, Centre for Transport Studies, University College London.
For the last fifty years, urban street planning and design has been based on principles set out in the Buchanan Report ('Traffic in Towns', 1963), which advocated a clear demarcation between 'distributor roads' for movement and local 'access streets', and was consistent with the then prevalent ideas of land use zoning. This work has been led by traffic engineers, who have generally given priority to the needs of motor vehicles. This has resulted in new residential developments that are often visually uninteresting and difficult to reach on foot or by public transport, and existing street environments that are unattractive for people on foot, whether travelling along the street, or using the street as a destination for economic or social activities.
Attitudes to the street environment have recently changed in the UK, with the publication of the 'Manual for Streets' by the DfT, focussing on new urban residential streets, and the development of a comprehensive guide to all types of street planning and design by the author and two colleagues (Peter Jones, Natalya Boujenko and Stephen Marshall, Link and Place: A Guide to Street Planning and Design. Landor Publishing, December 2007). Both documents stress the need to consider each street in its wider urban context, both as a movement channel forming part of the road network (i.e. a Link) and as Place in its own right. Design solutions should be influenced by both Link and Place user needs, and will vary according to the balance of significance of these two at any location.
The presentation introduces the concept of Link and Place. It illustrates the broad range of urban street functions, and shows how classifying streets according to their Link and Place status leads to a more balanced consideration of the needs of different street user groups in street planning and design.
The adoption of this broader paradigm has wide ranging implications both for the scope of what is included and the kinds of methodologies that are employed. In particular, it affects the basis for assessing street performance and prioritising areas for improvement, and helps to determine the appropriate balance of street space and capacity to be allocated to different street user groups in different circumstances. This, in turn, affects the kinds of detailed design solutions that are appropriate in different contexts, and may require a re-designation of Link or Place functions where no acceptable solution can be found. The approach also provides a more comprehensive basis for engaging with a wide range of stakeholder groups, and opens up new challenges for street scheme assessment methodologies.
Peter Jones is Professor of Transport and Sustainable Development in the Centre for Transport Studies at UCL, and was previously Director of the Transport Studies Group at the University of Westminster. He has carried out wide ranging research into activity patterns and travel behaviour, survey methods, public attitudes and new stakeholder engagement methods, option generation methods, and the impacts of transport investments and other policy measures. Recently, he has conducted several studies into how streets function, and the implications of the Link and Place paradigm for street planning and design.
Week 6: 5pm, 24 February 2009, SoGE
Visualisation and Simulation: Understanding and prediction from large scale land use transport models
Professor Mike Batty, University College London.
Week 7: 5pm, 3 March 2009, SoGE
Carbon Efficiency in the Transport Sector: Backcasting from London.
Dr Robin Hickman, Halcrow.
Hosted by OxTran (the Oxford Transport Network)