- Senior Research Fellow and Associate Professor at the Environmental Change Institute and Transport Studies Unit
- Senior Research Fellow at Linacre College, Oxford
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Tel: +44 (0)1865 285527
Christian joined the Transport Studies Unit (TSU) as a PDRA 15 years ago. He is now a Senior Research Fellow and Associate Professor at the Environmental Change Institute (ECI) and the TSU. Since 2012 he has also been the Assad Kotaite Senior Research Fellow in Transport Studies at Linacre College Oxford. Before coming to Oxford he worked as a consultant at AEA Technology (now Ricardo Energy & Environment).
Christian holds a DPhil in Geography and the Environment from the University of Oxford (2006) on 'Personal Travel and Climate Change'. He also holds two MSc degrees, one in Physics and the other one in Environmental Technology.
Christian's research focuses on:
- Transport, energy and climate change policy
- Multi-scale decision support systems and integrated systems modelling
- The role of active travel in meeting public health, climate change and sustainable urban development objectives
- Reduced energy consumption, behavioural change and socio-technical transitions towards low-carbon, energy efficient transport systems
- Implementation and evaluation of travel and energy demand management initiatives
He is currently working on 4 research projects:
- Measuring and evaluating transport, health and carbon effects of walking and cycling interventions in Europe;
- Understanding and reducing the carbon footprint of home delivery in the UK;
- Modelling decision making and systemic change at the interface between energy and transport systems, with case studies in England and Scotland, to;
- Understanding and simulating future demand, supply and carbon impacts of vans in the UK.
Recent research projects
UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) Phase 2: Energy Demand Theme
Focused on exploring how socio-economic and technical change affect transport energy demand and technology diffusion in the UK, and to apply this to the need for more radical change to respond to climate and energy security challenges. Funded by NERC; 2004-2014; Dr Nick Eyre and Dr Christian Brand. More information.
UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium: Long term dynamics of interdependent infrastructure systems
The ITRC informs the analysis, planning and design of national infrastructure, including transport, through the development and demonstration of new decision support tools, and working with partners in government and industry. EPSRC (EP/I01344X/1). 2011-2015. Dr Nick Eyre and Prof Jim Hall. More information.
Oxford Transport Laboratory (MobOx)
Feasibility Study (Phase 1) focusing on (a) minimising the impact of the closure of the city centre Westgate Car park, with loss of 800 car parking spaces, on the rest of the transport system, and (b) integrating transport systems and infrastructure, to improve user experience and increase economic activity within the Oxford ring road. Funded by TSB. 2014. Co-I Dr Christian Brand.
Future Roadmaps of Transportation Energy and Technology
Explored and compared the composition, timing and scale of uptake of alternative transport fuels and technologies in Korea and the UK. Funded by the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER). 2013-2015. Led Dr Christian Brand. More information.
Understanding the social impacts of UK climate policies
Provided the understanding and analytical tools necessary to underpin socially just responses to climate change in the UK. Funded by Joseph Rowntree Foundation. 2009-2013. Co-I Dr Christian Brand. More information.
Longer summary: The project looked at the distribution of carbon emissions and abatement opportunities of households in England, and the implications for energy and climate change policy impacts. The UK government has a target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% on 1990 levels by 2050. In addition there are statutory targets to ensure that no household is in fuel poverty by 2016. An understanding of how current and proposed policy approaches to meeting these targets are likely to impact differentially on domestic energy consumers is fundamental to ensuring policies are both fair and effective. This research project used advanced modelling techniques to develop and analyse the datasets needed to support and further understanding of:
- the distribution of carbon emissions - from energy consumed in the home and through personal travel by car, public transport and aviation - across households in Great Britain;
- the impact of existing government energy and climate policies on consumer energy bills and household emissions in England;
- the potential for an alternative approach to reducing emissions in the domestic sector through a wide-scale retrofit of the housing stock.
Impact of Constructing Non-motorised Networks and Evaluating Changes in Travel (iConnect)
Focused on measuring and evaluating the travel, physical activity and carbon impacts of new high-quality walking and cycling routes in the UK. Funded by the ESPRC. 2008-2013. Led by Dr Christian Brand, with Dr Tim Jones, Lucy Mahoney and Andre Neves. More information.
iConnect: knowledge transfer to policy and practice for future active travel development
Knowledge exchange project addressing the need of sustainable transport and health organisations at national and international levels to develop evidence-based strategies, policies and delivery programmes for future active travel development. Funded by EPSRC Impact Accelerator Account. 2014-2015. PI: Dr Christian Brand.
Towards an integrated carbon and health economic assessment tool (C+HEAT) for walking and cycling
Proof of concept project that explored, developed and tested a novel carbon economic assessment tool for measuring and valuing the carbon savings of increasing population level walking and cycling. Funded by OUP John Fell Fund. 2013-2014. Co-I: Dr Christian Brand.
Real-time vehicle monitoring for energy efficiency in transport
Proof of concept project that designed, created and tested a number of novel in-journey engine-monitoring systems for better energy efficiency in car use. Funded by OUP John Fell Fund. 2014. PI: Dr Nick Eyre, with Dr Christian Brand and Dr Russell Layberry.
Integrated travel emissions profiles
Developed and deployed so-called Integrated Travel Emissions Profiles covering annual travel activity and emissions of greenhouse gases and local air pollutants at the households and individuals levels. The results were widely reported in the international media, including New York Times, BBC News and The Guardian. Funded by ESRC. 2004-2006. Co-I Dr Christian Brand.
Graduate Research Students - current and recent
- Mobility, Subjective Wellbeing and Health in Transitional China: towards socially sustainable cities, Wenbo Guo, started October 2016 (co supervisor, with Dr Tim Schwanen).
- Technology innovation and policy instruments to advance low-carbon transport and renewable energy use in developing Asian economies, Toru Kubo, on-going (Co supervisor, self funded). Toru is working for the Asian Development Bank in Manila and plans to complete on a P/T basis in 2017.
- Investigating the Interactions of Travel Behaviour and Wellbeing: A Longitudinal, Mixed-methods Case Study of Penarth and Cardiff, Wales, Lucy Mahoney, completed TT 2015 (Lead supervisor, funded by EPSRC). Lucy now works for Transport for London on public transport strategy.
- The impact of new walking and cycling infrastructure on personal travel and carbon emissions: the case of Cardiff Connect2, Andre Neves, completed TT 2015 (Lead supervisor, funded by EPSRC). Andre now works for Transport for London on cycling strategy.
- Electric Vehicles in China: Past, Present and Future, Zichen Zhang, completed TT 2015 (Co supervisor, funded by Chinese Government grant). Zichen now works for the World Bank in Beijing.
- The road not taken?: a longitudinal and interdisciplinary examination of energy behaviours, Malek Al-Chalabi, completed HT 2014 (Co supervisor, self funded). Malek now works for Shell in Dubai.
- Accelerating the uptake of low carbon vehicles, Craig Morton, completed 2013 (External co-supervisor, University of Aberdeen, funded by NERC UK Energy Research Centre Phase 2). Craig now works as Research Fellow at the University of Leeds.
- Brand, C. (2008) Personal Travel and Climate Change: Exploring climate change emissions from personal travel activity of individuals and households. VDM Verlag Dr Müller. pp. 400. ISBN: 978-3639025071.
- Brand, C., Cluzel, C. and Anable, J. (2017) Modeling the uptake of plug-in vehicles in a heterogeneous car market using a consumer segmentation approach. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 97: 121-136.
- Laeremans, M., Dons, E., Avila-Palencia, I., Carrasco-Turigas, G., Orjuela, J.P., Anaya, E., Brand, C., Cole-Hunter, T., De Nazelle, A., Götschi, T., Kahlmeier, S., Nieuwenhuijsen, M., Standaert, A., De Boever, P., Int Panis, L. (2017) Physical activity and sedentary behaviour in daily life: A comparative analysis of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) and the SenseWear armband. PLoS ONE.
- Tainio, M., Monsivais, P., Jones, N.R.V., Brand, C. and Woodcock, J. (2017) Mortality, greenhouse gas emissions and consumer cost impacts of combined diet and physical activity scenarios: a health impact assessment study. BMJ Open, 7(2). e014199.
- Brand, C. (2016) Beyond ‘Dieselgate’: Implications of unaccounted and future air pollutant emissions and energy use for cars in the United Kingdom. Energy Policy, 97: 1-12.
- Gerike, R., de Nazelle, A., Nieuwenhuijsen, M., Panis, L.I., Anaya, E. Avila-Palencia, I., Boschetti, F., Brand, C., Cole-Hunter, T., Dons, E., Eriksson, U., Gaupp-Berghausen, M., Kahlmeier, S., Laeremans, M., Mueller, N., Pablo Orjuela, J., Racioppi, F., Raser, E., Rojas-Rueda, D., Schweizer, C., Standaert, A., Uhlmann, T., Wegener, S. and Götschi, T. (2016) Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches (PASTA): a study protocol for a multicentre project. Public Health, 6(1).
- Dons, E., Götschi, T., Nieuwenhuijsen, M., de Nazelle, A., Anaya, E., Avila-Palencia, I., Brand, C., Cole-Hunter, T., Gaupp-Berghausen, M., Kahlmeier, S., Laeremans, M., Mueller, N., Orjuela, J., Raser, E., Rojas-Rueda, D., Standaert, A., Stigell, E., Uhlmann, T., Gerike, R. and Int Panis, L. (2015) Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches (PASTA): protocol for a multi-centre, longitudinal study. BMC Public Health, 15(1126).
- Götschi, T., Standaert, A., Eriksson, U., Dons, E., Panis, L.I., Kahlmeier, S., de Nazelle, A., Anaya, E., Nieuwenhuijsen, M., Rojas-Rueda, D., Brand, C. and Gerike, R. (2015) A29 Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches (PASTA) – a pan-European web-based survey on determinants of active travel behaviour using an opportunistic sampling approach. Journal of Transport and Health, 2(2): 19-20.
- Rojas-Rueda, D., Anaya, E., Avila-Palencia, I., Brand, C., Cole-Hunter, T., de Nazelle, A., Dons, E., Frick, F., Gerike, R., Götschi, T., Kahlmeier, S., Mueller, N., Nilsson, A., Nussio, F., Orjuela, J.P., Panis, L.I., Racioppi, F., Rothballer, C., Sanchez, J., Schweizer, C., Uhlmann, T., Wegener, S. and Nieuwenhuijsen, M. (2015) A13 Comprehensive Health Impact Assessment for Active Travel: A "PASTA" project approach. Journal of Transport and Health, 2(2): 11-12.
- Brand, C., Goodman, A. and Ogilvie, D. (2014) Evaluating the impacts of new walking and cycling infrastructure on carbon dioxide emissions from motorized travel: A controlled longitudinal study. Applied Energy, 128: 284-295.
- Morton, C. Anable, J. and Brand, C. (2014) Policy making under uncertainty in electric vehicle demand. Proceedings of the ICE - Energy, 167(3): 125-138.
- Tran, M., Brand, C. and Banister, D. (2014) Modelling diffusion feedbacks between technology performance, cost and consumer behaviour for future energy-transport systems. Journal of Power Sources, 251: 130-136.
- Brand, C., Anable, J. and Tran, M. (2013) Accelerating the transformation to a low carbon transport system: the role of car purchase taxes, feebates, road taxes and scrappage incentives. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 49: 132-148.
- Brand, C., Goodman, A., Rutter, H., Song, Y. and Ogilvie, D. (2013) Associations of individual, household and environmental characteristics with carbon dioxide emissions from motorised passenger travel. Applied Energy, 104: 158-169.
- Song, Y., Preston, J.M. and Brand, C. (2013) What explains active travel behaviour? Evidence from case studies in the UK. Environment and Planning A, 45(12): 2980-2998.
- Anable, J., Brand, C., Tran, M. and Eyre, N. (2012) Modelling transport energy demand: A socio-technical approach. Energy Policy, 41: 125-138.
- Brand, C., Tran, M. and Anable, J. (2012) The UK transport carbon model: an integrated life cycle approach to explore low carbon futures. Energy Policy, 41: 107-124.
- Goodman, A., Brand, C. and Ogilvie, D. (2012) Associations of health, physical activity and weight status with motorised travel and transport carbon dioxide emissions: a cross-sectional, observational study. Environmental Health, 11(52).
- Ogilvie, D., Bull, F., Cooper, A., Rutter, H., Adams, E., Brand, C., Ghali, K., Jones, T., Mutrie, N., Powell, J., Preston, J., Sahlqvist, S. and Song, Y. (2012) Evaluating the travel, physical activity and carbon impacts of a 'natural experiment' in the provision of new walking and cycling infrastructure: methods for the core module of the iConnect study. BMJ Open, 2012(2). e000694.
- Ogilvie, D., Bull, F., Powell, J., Cooper, A.R., Brand, C., Mutrie, N., Preston, J.M. and Rutter, H. (2011) An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study. American Journal of Public Health, 101(3): 473-481.
- Brand, C. and Preston, J.M. (2010) '60-20 emission' - The unequal distribution of greenhouse gas emissions from personal, non-business travel in the UK. Transport Policy, 17(1): 9-19.
- Jablonski, S., Strachan, N., Brand, C. and Bauen, A. (2010) The role of bioenergy in the UK's energy future formulation and modelling of long-term UK bioenergy scenarios. Energy Policy, 38(10): 5799-5816.
- Powell, J., Dalton, A., Brand, C. and Ogilvie, D. (2010) The health economic case for infrastructure to promote active travel: A critical review. Built Environment, 36(4): 504-518.
- Brand, C. (2009) "Hockey sticks" made of carbon: unequal distribution of greenhouse gas emissions from personal travel in the United Kingdom. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2139: 88-96.
- Givoni, M., Brand, C. and Watkiss, P. (2009) Are railways climate friendly? Built Environment, 35(1): 70-86.
- Brand, C. and Boardman, B. (2008) Taming of the few – The unequal distribution of greenhouse gas emissions from personal travel in the UK. Energy Policy, 36(1): 224-238.
- Jablonski, S., Strachan, N., Brand, C., Pantaleo, A. and Bauen, A. (2008) A Systematic Assessment of Bioenergy Representation in the UK Markal Model: Insights on the formulation of bioenergy scenarios. TSU Working Paper Series, Ref. 1040.
- Brand, C. and Preston, J. (2003) Which technology for urban public transport? Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Transport, 156(4): 201-210.
- Brand, C., Mattarelli, M., Moon, D. and Wolfler Calvo, R. (2002) STEEDS: Strategic Transport, Energy, Environment Decision Support. European Journal of Operational Research, 139(2): 416-435.
- Mudu, P., Kahlmeier, S., Racioppi, F., Brand, C. and Goodwin, F. (forthcoming) Transport, energy and health. In, Menne, B., et al (ed.) Energy and Health. WHO Europe, Copenhagen.
- Eyre, N., Anable, J., Brand, C., Layberry, R. and Strachan, N. (2010) The way we live from now on: lifestyle and energy consumption. Chapter 9 in, Skea, J., Ekins, P. and M. Winskel (eds.) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low Carbon Energy System. Earthscan. 408 pp. ISBN: 9781849710848.
- Patrick, J., Killip, G., Brand, C., Augustine, A. and Eyre, N. (2014) Oxfordshire's Low Carbon Economy. Environmental Change Institute and Low Carbon Oxford
- Watson, J., Fross, R., Ketsopoulou, I. and Winskel, M. (2014) UK Energy Strategies Under Uncertainty - Synthesis Report. UK Energy Research Centre, London.
- Preston, I., White, V., Thumim, J., Bridgeman, T. and Brand, C. (2013) Distribution of carbon emissions in the UK: implications for domestic energy policy. Joseph Rowntree Foundation, London. 135 pp.
- Brand, C. (2010) UK Transport Carbon Model: Reference Guide v1.0. UKERC Energy Demand Theme, Oxford. 131 pp.
- Brand, C. (2010) UK Transport Carbon Model: User Guide v1.0. UKERC Energy Demand Theme, Oxford.
- UKERC (2009) Making the transitions to a secure and low carbon energy system: synthesis report. Energy Research Centre, London, UK.
- Brand, C. (contributor) (2008) Climate for a transport change. TERM 2007: indicators tracking transport and environment in the European Union. European Environment Agency and Office for Official Publications of the European Communities EEA Report No 1/2008..
- Brand, C. (contributor) (2008) Success stories within the road transport sector on reducing greenhouse gas emission and producing ancillary benefits. European Environment Agency and Office for Official Publications of the European Communities 70 pp. ISBN: 9789291671229. Technical report No 2/2008..
- Brand, C. (2006) Integrated Travel Emissions Profiles: Case Study Report. TSU Working Paper Series, Ref. 1017. Transport Studies Unit, University of Oxford
- Brand, C., Preston, J. and Boardman, B. (2006) Integrated travel emissions profiles: final research report to the ESRC. Transport Studies Unit and Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford
- Brand, C. (2004) Integrated travel emissions profiles: methodology report. TSU Working Paper Ref. 981, University of Oxford
- Brand, C., Boardman, B. and Preston, J. (2004) Integrated travel emissions profiles: Report on literature review. TSU Working Paper Ref. 982, University of Oxford
- Brand, C., Raje, F., Preston, J. and Grieco, M. (2004) Transport and access to health care: The potential of new information technology. Final Report. TSU, Oxford University for the Dept. for Transport, London
- Brand, C. and Preston, J. (2002) The field studies - synthesis of results. TSU Working Paper Ref. 931, University of Oxford
- Brand, C. and Preston, J. (2002) The wider costs and benefits of urban public transport systems. TSU Working Paper Ref. 919, University of Oxford
- Brand, C. and Preston, J. (2001) Technical and Financial Characteristics of Public Transport Systems. TSU Working Paper Ref. 911, University of Oxford
- Brand, C., Bush, T., Stedman, J. and Murrells, T. (2001) Policy evaluation: measures to reduce air pollution from road traffic. AEA Technology Environment for the Department of the Environment Transport and the Regions, the Scottish Executive, the National Assembly for Wales and the Department of the Environment in Northern Ireland
- Bates, J., Brand, C., Davison, B. and Hill, N. (2000) Economic evaluation of emissions reductions in the transport sector of the EU. AEA Technology Environment for DG Environment, European Commission, Brussels.
- Brand, C. (2000) Transport CO2 indicator: assessment and action plan. Final Report. AEA Technology Environment for HM Customs and Excise Duty, London
- Brand, C., et al. (2000) Reducing congestion by introducing new concepts of transport: policy and market synthesis. European Commission, DG Transport and Energy
- Watkiss, P., Brand, C. and Murrells, T. (2000) Strategic environmental assessment of CNG taxis in London, Final Report. AEA Technology Environment for BG Group
- Watkiss, P., Brand, C., Hinds, N., Holl, M., Marx, C. and Stephenson, W. (2000) Urban Energy-Use: Guidance on Reducing Environmental Impacts. Final Report for the Department for International Development
- Watkiss, P., Brand, C., Hurley, F., Pilkington, A., Mindell, J., Joffe, M. and Anderson, R. (2000) On the move: informing transport health impact assessment in London. NHS Executive London and AEA Technology Environment
- Brand, C., et al. (1999) CANTIQUE? Cleaner air for Europe: the role of non-technical transport measures. AEA Technology for the European Commission DG TRANSPORT
- Moon, D.P. and Brand, C. (1999) Strategic transport-energy-environment decision support (STEEDS), Final Report. AEA Technology for the European Commission, DG RESEARCH
- Brand, C., et al. (1998) Characterisation of technologies for impact assessment Project milestone deliverable 12. ETSU for the European Commission, DG Transport and Energy
- Brand, C., et al. (1997) A state-of-the-art survey and review of new transport technologies. Project milestone deliverable 8. ETSU for the European Commission, DG Transport and Energy
- Brand, C., et al. (1997) Forecast of new technologies with major impacts. Project milestone deliverable 9. ETSU for the European Commission, DG Transport and Energy
- Brand, C., Anable, J. and Tran, M. (2013) The role of fiscal car purchasing incentives in a future low carbon transport system. Proceedings of the World Conference of Transportation Research 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 15-18 July.
- Brand, C., Goodman, A., Rutter, H., Song, Y. and Oglivie, D. (2013) Associations of personal and environmental characteristics with CO2 emissions from motorised travel. Proceedings of the World Conference of Transportation Research 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 15-18 July.
- Brand, C., Anable, J. and Tran, M. (2009) 20% transport - how we may get there. Paper presented at the RGS-IBG Annual International Conference, August, Manchester.
- Brand, C. (2009) "Hockey sticks" made of carbon: unequal distribution of greenhouse gas emissions from personal travel in the United Kingdom. Paper #09-2729, presented at the Transportation Research Board 88th Annual Meeting, January, Washington DC.
- Jablonski, S., Strachan, N., Brand, C., Pantaleo, A. and Bauen, A. (2008) A systematic assessment of bioenergy representation in the UK-MARKAL model: insights on the formulation of bioenergy scenarios [PDF: 169KB] Paper presented at the European Bioenergy Conference, Valencia, June 2008.
- Brand, C. and Preston, J.M. (2006) TEST - A tool for evaluating strategically integrated public transport. Proceedings of the European Transport Conferences 2006. PTRC/ETC, Strasbourg.
- Brand, C. and Preston, J. (2004) Tools for evaluating strategically integrated public transport. Proceedings of the 2004 UTSG Conference, Loughborough University, UK. Also published as a TSU Working Paper Ref. 965, University of Oxford.
- Brand, C. and Moon, D.P. (2000) Integrated modelling and decision support for environmental transport policy and technology choices across Europe. Proceedings of the European Transport Conference 2000, Cambridge, UK.