Developed with colleagues in Vienna Austria (Austria tech; Vienna University of business and economics), Progtrans in Switzerland and SYKE in Finland together with the Transport Studies Unit, this project is divided into five work packages.
Global competition among supply chains, labour cost, recycling technologies and environmental restrictions (CO2 emissions force companies to implement new logistics and manufacturing systems that interact with freight transport flows. On the one hand, from a transport's point-of-view most of these new systems (e.g. offshoring) have negative impacts as they induce additional freight transport. On the other hand new logistics and manufacturing systems are implemented as they provide positive effects: cheaper production processes (i.e. due to economies of scale) or even environmental benefits (e.g. due to recycling).
The objective of this study is:
- to give an insight into new logistics and manufacturing trends and their impacts on economic and environmental sustainability;
- to provide scenario based recommendations for European freight transport policy considering both economic and environmental sustainability; and
- to improve existing tools (TRANSTOOLS, I-O tables) used for impact assessment and cost benefit analysis.
This was done by assessing status and trends of the external factors (world trade, policy amp; legislation, transport system, technology) and performing case studies in crucial economic sectors. These cases studies will analyse new best practices of logistics and manufacturing systems, when CO2 emissions are considered an important design criterion.