Modelling flexibility of transport-energy systems over time, mode & place (CREDS Project 2.2.2)
UK fleet models account poorly for potential for flexibility and the spatial and temporal differences. National scale energy models and local-level distribution network models need to ‘meet in the middle’ to understand how changes in demand and generation in the distribution network will impact the transmission network and vice versa. General Distribution and Electricity Transmission Network models need better assessments of where and when high-end domestic and electric vehicle use will combine.
- Improve UK modelling capability in assessing future transport and electricity systemic change
- Develop existing state-of-the-art UK fleet models with better assessments of the potential for technology substitution, modal shift and demand flexibility
- Assess how electricity infrastructures (local substations, line-loads) may evolve with domestic energy and EV hotspots and rhythms of charging
The project will improve the UK’s modelling capability in bringing transport, energy and electricity modelling communities together. Decision makers in central and local government and industry will have a better understanding and improved modelling capability of the impacts of the electrification of road transport at LSOA level (~500 households), providing direct inputs into current and future policy processes. Transmission network operators will have a better understanding of the potential impact of EV charging at grid supply points. The LSOA-level agent-based model will enable a range of further impact studies of EVs.
- Barrett, J., Pye, S., Betts-Davies, S., Brand, C., et al. (2022) Energy demand reduction options for meeting national zero-emission targets in the United Kingdom. Nature Energy.
- Dixon, J., Buksh, W., Bell, K. and Brand, C. (2022) The impact of plug-in frequency on the potential of vehicle to grid to support transport and electricity system decarbonisation. eTransportation. 100180.
- Brand, C., Dekker, H.J. and Behrendt, F. (2022) Cycling, climate change and air pollution. In, Advances in Transport Policy and Planning. Elsevier.
- Brand, C., Dons, E., Anaya-Boig, E., Avila-Palencia, I., Clark, A., de Nazelle, A., Gascon, M., Gaupp-Berghausen, M., Gerike, R., Götschi, T., Iacorossi, F., Kahlmeier, S., Laeremans, M., Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J., Pablo Orjuela, J., Racioppi, F., Raser, E., Rojas-Rueda, D., Standaert, A., Stigell, E., Sulikova, S., Wegener, S. and Int Panis, L. (2021) The climate change mitigation effects of daily active travel in cities. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 93: 102764.
For more information on this research project please contact Dr Christian Brand.